Water pumps are a useful tool for moving water from one location to another.  Whether you are buying a water pump to drain a pool, for emergency precautions on a boat, or to draw water out of a well, it can be difficult to determine which pump is right for you.  In this article, we will go over our beginner’s guide to water pumps – including the factors to consider when purchasing a pump.

Types of Water Pumps

There are two types of water well pumps to consider, each with its advantages and disadvantages:

  • Electric Water Pump
  • Gas Water Pump

Electric Water Pump

As the name suggests, electric water pumps are water pumps whose supply source is from electricity.

  • Advantages:
    • Can be used indoors
    • Low maintenance
    • Cheaper than gas water pumps
  • Disadvantages:
    • Not as powerful as gas water pumps
    • Might require special wiring
    • Not as mobile and may require the use of extensions chords

Gas Water Pump

As the name suggests, gas water pumps are water pumps whose supply source is from gas.

  • Advantages:
    • Can be used both indoor and outdoor
    • Mobile
    • Very powerful
  • Disadvantages
    • More expensive to use
    • Requires regular maintenance
    • Produces deadly carbon monoxide gas

What Will The Water Pump For?

When purchasing a water pump, you need to consider the main purpose for which you need the pump.  There are multiple pumps for multiple uses.  Some common uses of pumps are as follows:

  • Wastewater pumps- Wastewater pumps are pumps used to remove dirty water or water from waste.
  • Dewatering pumps- Dewatering pumps are pumps that are used to move clean water such as from a reservoir or lake
  • Submersible pumps- As described in our previous article here, submersible pumps are used to draw water from a well or to remove water from a specific area.
  • Well pumps- As described in our previous article here, well pumps are used to suction water out of shallow wells.
  • Specialty water pumps- Specialty water pumps are pumps for fountains or ponds. It may have the dual purpose of adding an aesthetic water design element while also making sure the body of water does not become stagnant.

Sizing The Right Pump

As discussed in our previous articles on submersible water well pumps and surface water well pumps, the three main factors you will want to make sure the pump adequately addresses are as follows:

  1. Depth Height. The total height that the pump will need to bring that water until its final discharge.
  2. Pressure. How hard the pump is capable of working to provide the water.
  3. Flow. The amount of water moved over a given time.

Discharging The Water

Depending on what you are using the water pump for, you will want to make sure that you have the proper hose that will also for proper discharge.  Although it is possible to get an adapter that will allow you to use a hose with a larger or smaller diameter than the input or output on the water pump, it is recommended that you use a host built to the same diameter as the water pump.

Call The Experts

If you are unsure which water pump is right for you, even after reading our guide to water pumps, call the experts at American Pump Services and we will be more than happy to advise you.