Back in the olden days, wells were essential for the well-being and survival of any family, homestead, or settlement. Everyone is familiar with the classic image of people lowering a bucket down a well to get their fresh water. Times have changed, and state of the art well pumps transport water from a groundwater source to your home. Then you get to use it for cleaning, drinking, and everything in between. There are actually several types of wells and well pumps out there, however, and those who are just getting into the private water well world might be struggling to understand the differences between the various models. Here’s all you need to know about the different kinds of well pump.
Shallow or Centrifugal Well Pumps
As the name implies, shallow water well pumps are designed for use in shallow wells. They don’t have the capacity to actually be submerged underwater and are typically found in depths of 25 feet or less. They’re quite popular in many areas and are typically placed beside the well their own secure housing for protection.
Known as both shallow and centrifugal pumps, these devices are quite simple in terms of how they operate; they have one pipe that goes down into the borehole and then work to generate a high enough level of suction to suck the water up from the ground and into your home. They’re typically the cheapest well pump and are quite reliable too.
Deep or Submersible Water Pumps
Once again, as the name indicates, a deep well pump is designed for use at deeper depths, typically from around 100-300 feet below the surface of the ground. The big difference between this pump and the shallow/centrifugal pumps is that it can be fully submerged in water.
Submersible water well pumps are typically seen as the most popular form of well pump due to their ease of use and compatibility with a wide range of well styles and depths. They’re very strong and sturdy and are the perfect option for deep wells. They can, however, be a little more expensive to look after and should be checked by experts regularly.
Convertible or Jet Water Pumps
Last, but certainly not least, we have the jet pumps, also known as convertible water pumps due to their versatility. They can work at a wide variety of depths. Different models can function from the surface through 90 feet below the ground.
As the name implies, jet pumps are able to offer ‘jet power’ through the use of an ejector, which works to boost the water pressure through the creation of a vacuum, thereby pushing the water upwards at a faster and more powerful rate. Jet pumps are budget-friendly and powerful, but things can still go wrong with them in the long term.