There are three common types of drinking wells. Each well has advantages and disadvantages and different cost factors. At American Pump Services, we will work with you to determine which is the best well for your home and budgets.
Types Of Drinking Wells
- Dug Wells
- Driven Wells
- Drilled Wells
Dug wells are the wells most people conjure up when they think of traditional wells. They are the staple of historical wells, before many of the technological advances we have at our disposal today. As the name suggests, builders use shovels and picks to create dug wells. Firstly, they create a hole in the ground where the water table is shallow. Then, builders line the hole with stone or brick to prevent collapse. As far as wells go, dug wells are not dug very deep as they quickly fill up with water.
The advantage of a dug well is that they tend to have a large diameter and access a larger area of the water table. The wells are also able to obtain water from areas that less porous such as clay, silt, or very fine sand. The disadvantage of dug wells is that they are more susceptible to drying out due to droughts and can easily become contaminated due to the shallowness of the well.
Driven wells are still commonly used and installed today. As the name suggests, driven wells are created by driving a small pipe into the ground. The pipe usually has mesh or a screen at the ends of it to help filter out sediment particles.
The advantage of a driven well is that they are quick to construct. Additionally, since the piping of the driven well is cased, it offers some protection against contamination. The disadvantage to a drill well is that since it draws water from aquifers close to the surface, it is still prone to contamination. Additionally, one driven well may not be sufficient for adequate water usage and multiple wells might be required to generate a capacity suitable for use.
Drilled wells are the most modern wells today and the most common in usage. Many people who have previously has either dug wells or driven wells are now converting to drilled wells. As the name suggests, drilled wells use large drills that can bore a hole through the most type of earth. Drilled wells can usually go more than 1,000 feet in depth.
The advantage of a drilled well is that due to the depth of the well and the casings needed for the pipes, it has a very low rate of contamination. The disadvantage of a drilled well is that it is the most expensive well and requires a pumping mechanism at some depth to help bring the water to the surface.
For a free consultation on the type of well best suited for your property needs or to convert an older well to a newer one, feel free to contact us.