Thinking about getting a private water well installed? If so, you’re making a sensible decision. Having your own water well comes with a lot of great advantages. The latest statistics say that 15 million families in the United States use well water each and every day. The actual process of getting your well drilled and installed might seem complicated and complex at first. However, we’re here to help by answering some of the most common questions you might have. One of the first questions homeowners ask themselves about getting a well drilled is “How deep should it be?” The ideal well depth can be elusive for inexperienced homeowners.

This is an important question to think about, especially as well drilling will be more expensive the deeper you go. Most homeowners want to keep their costs down or may have a set budget they don’t want to go over. Let’s take a look about all the details on well depth you need to know.

The Range

In general, private home wells tend to range from 100 to 500 feet in depth. However, they can be much deeper than this in some cases. There are even some wells that go past the 1,000 foot mark. The average well depth in your area will depend on several factors.

Water Quality

In general, when it comes to water quality and well depth, there’s one golden rule: the deeper the well, the better the water quality. As you go deeper down, there’s a higher chance that the water you encounter will be rich in minerals. However, you don’t necessarily have to pay out for a deeper well just to get better water quality; you can also choose to install filters or other water solutions to add minerals to your supply.

The Water Table

Over the course of the year, the water table will rise and fall depending on how much rain the area is getting and how the groundwater supply is being used. This means that your well needs to be drilled deep enough to cope with those times of year when the water table is at its lowest point. This is why it’s wise to know as much as possible about water levels and climate conditions in your area.

Risk of Contaminants

In general, wells are designed and equipped with components that work to filter out debris, prevent bacterial contamination, and essentially provide healthy, clean water for you and your family. They’re made to be safe, but can still get contaminated. The deeper your well, the lower the risk of contamination as any bacteria that do get into the well will have a longer way to travel into your home and are more likely to die or get trapped along the way.

The Rocks

The rocks in the ground beneath your well site will also impact how deep it needs to be. Some rocks actually make it harder for groundwater reservoirs to form due to their impermeable nature. If your area has these kinds of rocks, the well will need to be drilled deeper, or other techniques may be used to break up the rocks.