While there are a lot of different ways that a private well can be constructed, there is one thing that they must all have in common. They must be built in a way that delivers safe, sanitary water into the home. This post is going to show you some of the different options available. All of these things are completely fact-based.
Components Used in the Construction of Private Wells
Borehole: This is the well shaft and should be lined with a pipe than seals away contaminants. It also stabilizes the hole that is drilled to the primary water source.
Casing: This is the term used to describe the borehole lining that protects water from contaminants.
Wellhead: This is the part of the well that you see on the surface. This is usually cut at least 12 inches above the surface to prevent contamination from excess water.
If you are using well water, then it’s recommended that you test the quality of the water going into your home. Have an annual lab test done, as well as monthly home tests using kits that can be purchased from the hardware store. Water testing should also be a requirement when buying a new home.
Well Positioning and Construction
It’s important for home buyers to inspect the location of sewer lines before buying a home. Make sure that these are away from the well. If the home relies on a septic tank, then the same rule applies. It should be located way away from the well.
Visit your local health department to find out how construction is regulated in the local area. You can also contact a professional if you’re unsure. It’s always better to be safe than sorry when it comes to water safety.
A well must be drilled deep enough so that water is coming from an aquifer, which is a layer of rock underground that holds water.
Different Types of Wells
There are several types of wells and each one has its unique perks. If you are planning to have a well built at your home, then you will need to make sure that you understand the different types.
Percussion Drilled Well: A heavy chisel is dropped onto the ground until it forms a borehole down to the aquifer.
Rotary Drilled Well: A drill travels down into the Earth as a cooling solution is applied to keep the drill from overheating.
Driven Well: This type of well is made from a pipe that is equipped with a sharp point and a filtering screen. Then that pipe is driven into the ground and left in place to deliver water to the house.
Dug Well: This well is one of the most common used in old television shows. You know, the kind where people fall into? These are not very common today. These were usually dug by hand.
Bored Well: This is the modern equivalent of a dug well. The hole is excavated using an auger and then lined with concrete.
Before using a private well for the first time, you need to make sure all remnants are cleaned up from the installation.