Recycled water is the process of cleaning wastewater for reuse for other purposes. You might also see experts refer to it as reclaimed water, wastewater reuse, and water reclamation. Wastewater reuse is already important for irrigation and agricultural purposes in countries found in arid or desert climates. Read on to learn all you need to know about recycled water.
What are the Benefits of Recycled Water?
Recycled water provides many environmental and economic benefits. Some of the major benefits are as follows:
- Recycling water ensures that traditional sources of freshwater remains available but curtailing the amount we draw from those natural sources.
- Reusing wastewater for commercial activities ensures that there is more fresh water for drinking, cooking, and laundry purposes.
- It also prevents environmental pollution. Recycling plants treat wastewater, so it does not go into rivers, streams, and the ocean.
- By using recycled water to replenish wetlands, rivers, or lakes, there is a benefit to the environment. Additionally, this water eventually filters into the aquifer or groundwater supply and is available for human consumption again.
- Recycled water maintains nutrients, so it enhances soil nutrients. Certainly, more nutrients in the soil means better crop yields without using additional and harmful fertilizer.
What Are Some Uses of Reclaimed Water?
There are six uses for water reclamation. They are as follows:
- Urban Use. In an urban setting, water reclamation helps irrigate public green space, provides water supply in fire hydrants, cleans streets, and runs to car washes to name a few.
- Agricultural Use. Farmers use reclaimed water to assist with crop irrigation.
- Industrial Use. Industrial setting use recycled water as a coolant for nuclear reactors along with other machines needed for mass manufacturing. They also use it to make concrete and cement as well.
- Recreational Use. Recreational activities, such as golf courses, use reclaimed water for irrigation, or to replenish lakes, rivers, or streams for boating and fishing use.
- Environmental Use. Environmental benefits of recycled water include replenishing aquifers and other groundwater sources by reintroducing the water into wetlands, natural rivers, and ponds.
- Potable Use. Water reclamation is used for potable purposes by being reintroduced into aquifers and through the natural filtration process, allowing the aquifer to reacclimated the water and therefore be used again for human consumption.
The major concern about recycled water is whether it is healthy. Although there is no doubt it is healthy to use when it is reintroduced into the aquifer and goes through a natural filtration process there is a concern, whether it, can be consumed directly. Although studies show that repurposed wastewater contains the same amount of containments found in freshwater supplies. However, there is a concern whether the treatment process can effectively remove chemicals resulting from pharmaceuticals.
Recycled water can play a significant role in conserving water. If treated correctly, it can be used as an alternative source for non-consumable purposes thus ensuring that more fresh water is available for consumption use.