Most deep well pumps can last up to 20 years. When your pump stops bringing water into your home, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you will have to replace it. Fear of drilling a new well seems to be the first conclusion people come to. Pumps are designed for longevity and there are a number of fail-safes designed to stop pumping water if there is danger to the pump. For instance, the filter will clog with debris to keep it from getting into the pump. So while the water will stop flowing in this case, the pump itself is fine.
The fact is that there are a number of components that can cause a residential well pump to stop delivering water.
Check the Power Supply
Always start troubleshooting by testing the power first before you do anything else. Verify that the electrical circuit on the pump has not been tripped. Lack of power is actually the most common cause of pump issues. If you live in a rural area or country setting so power surges are actually quite common. These surges in power can easily trip the circuit breaker so it should be the first thing you check. Make sure you turn the breaker off and then on again. Sometimes it might look like it’s on even though it’s tripped.
Make sure that the pressure switch has not caused the entire system to shut down. If you have a pressure switch that has a low pressure cut off then if the system tries to draw too much, it could automatically trigger this switch. This is a safety device that is designed to stop the pump from pumping water in the event that one of your pipes bursts. Therefore, if the pressure switch is triggered, then you should inspect your plumbing to make sure you don’t have a busted pipe. Not all pressure switches have this feature. One of the most common issues with pressure switches is that insects, lizards, and frogs make their way into the contacts and either make the connection impossible or create an electrical short and trips the breaker. We always advocate the use of heavy duty pressure switches as they are fully sealed and keep the critters out.
If your well’s pressure tank does not have the right amount of air pressure, then it’s not going to be able to send the right signal to the pressure switch. Pressure tanks can run into one of two distinct problems. They can become waterlogged or the tank’s air bladder can break. Using a tire pressure gauge, use the valve on top of the tank to check the pressure when the system is completely depressurized. The pressure tank should be set a 2 psi below the pressure that your pressure switch is set to come on at. For example if you pressure switch turns your system on at 40psi then the pressure tank should be set at 38psi Without any water pressure on it, this is very important that you always check the tank pressure without any water pressure on the bladder as this will give you a false reading.
Well water that is discolored likely has iron, hydrogen sulfide gas, tanins or some other heavy metal contaminating it. You will have to install a treatment system in order to correct this problem. Sometimes a well is dug into an area that contains naturally occurring minerals. While these are not exactly dangerous, they will stain your clothes and cause your water to smell funny. Contact a water treatment specialist in your area to correct the problem since the only solution here is to install a filtration system.
As always we recommend that you contact us to help you deal with any of these issues or if you don’t feel comfortable making any of the the specified checks yourself. A lot of times a professional can spot a problem in seconds and have a solution to that issue just as fast. We would love a chance to earn your business and are only a call away.