What Are the Most Common Contaminants in Florida Wells?

No matter your situation or where you are in life, whether you have a well water system or you’re planning on installing one… You should know about common well water problems. Even if your well has delivered crisp, clean water for years, it can still become contaminated. When the color, taste, or smell changes, there is a good chance of contaminants in your water. Strong odors or abrupt changes like these should always prompt a test to make sure your water is safe to drink. Until you know for sure, consider using bottled water.

But what about the water in Florida? We have a beautiful state. We have laws that protect and conserve our water. That means it’s safe, right? After all – Groundwater provides over 90% of our state’s drinking water. There’s a lot of groundwater in the Sunshine state! As you may know, all that water filters down and cleans itself, purified by the natural terrain. Don’t get ahead of yourself!

Even if the land cleans the water, it is still vulnerable to contamination. So which contaminants are most common in Florida? American Pump Services is here to teach you about the most common issues.

Hard Water

Florida’s water has many minerals in it. As a state with a lower elevation than the surrounding areas, rain collects minerals and deposits them into the soil. As such, hard water is a common problem in Florida water systems – Be it a private well or municipal system. While hard water is safe to drink, it can cause several problems at home. You’ll encounter rings on fixtures, hard water stains, clogging, and corroding in the plumbing… There’s a lot that can go wrong. Hard water is in most private well systems. You’ll need to install and maintain the proper water softener and filtration to fix it.

Underground Contaminants

Hard water is natural, but there can be many hidden contaminants in Florida’s water table as well. You can usually identify these if there’s a foul smell or taste. These contaminants seep down into the aquifer – Giant underground deposits of water. The water rests between loose, porous rocks such as limestone. Aquifers with a high water table and thin soil layer are prone to contamination.

The most common of these are gasoline, pesticide, and cleaning solutions. When these are present, you need to treat your water before it is safe to use again. Inspecting your well often can catch problems early, making clean-up easier.

Chlorine Contamination

If you smell a scent from your water like bleach or your home smells like a public swimming pool, there’s an issue. A small amount of chlorine is usually undetectable and harmless. However, the presence of chlorine is a clear indicator that your well pump is malfunctioning. If you have a high amount of chlorine is in your water, you’ll want professional intervention.


While some bacteria, such as iron bacteria, are harmless, many forms can hurt you. For example, a leaky septic system can contaminate water and runoff from livestock. If you smell sulfur, you likely have a sulfur bacteria problem. These produce corrosive waste that can damage pipes, and some people suffer digestive problems from it. Proper well placement can prevent many instances of bacterial growth. Shock chlorination can also solve the issue. If this is the best solution for you, call us today. We’ll help you identify the cause of any of these issues and work to fix them for you.